JS includes – the saga continues…

October 25th, 2006. Tagged: JavaScript

The problem in question is how to find out a dynamically included JavaScript file is actually loaded. The concept of JavaScript includes is here, the IE-only solution is here. The IE solution is to use the onreadystatechange event that is fired when a new script is included. It also works for dynamically loaded CSS files using a new link DOM element. Thanks to the comment from Björn Graf, I tried using onload event to test if the new script is included using Firefox. It worked!

The code

What we have here (demo) is trying to include a .js file and an .css file, creating new script and link DOM elements. Then I'm attaching event listeners to those new elements - one onload and one onreadystatechange. The script that is included (jsalert.js) has one alert().

var css;
function include_css(css_file) {
    var html_doc = document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0];
    css = document.createElement('link');
    css.setAttribute('rel', 'stylesheet');
    css.setAttribute('type', 'text/css');
    css.setAttribute('href', css_file);
    html_doc.appendChild(css);
 
    // alert state change
    css.onreadystatechange = function () {
        if (css.readyState == 'complete') {
            alert('CSS onreadystatechange fired');
        }
    }
    css.onload = function () {
        alert('CSS onload fired');
    }
    return false;
}
 
 
var js;
function include_js(file) {
    var html_doc = document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0];
    js = document.createElement('script');
    js.setAttribute('type', 'text/javascript');
    js.setAttribute('src', file);
    html_doc.appendChild(js);
 
    js.onreadystatechange = function () {
        if (js.readyState == 'complete') {
            alert('JS onreadystate fired');
        }
    }
 
    js.onload = function () {
        alert('JS onload fired');
    }
    return false;
}

Results

As you can probably guess, the results are different in IE and FF.

  • CSS inclusion - IE fires both events, onload first, then onreadystatechange. FF fires nothing.
  • JS inclusion - IE fires onreadystatechange. FF fires onload. Both will execute the script before firing the event.

Conclusion

1. So there is, after all, a cross-browser way to tell when a JavaScript is actually included and that is to attach two event listeners - onload and onreadystatechange.
2. In IE you have two ways to tell when a CSS is included.

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